vSphere 5.0 Install, Configure, Manage Training Day 4

Module 8: Data Protection

VADP (vStorage APIs for Data Protection) requires no software installation because it is built into ESXi.

Hardware version 7 or later can support CBT ( Changed Block Tracking), “-ctk.vmdk”

Data Recovery Appliance

Virtual Machine Snapshot Consistency

Backing up vCenter Server: vCenter Server database, VMWare VCMSDS (ADAM), SSL certificate and vpxd.cfg file

Backing up ESXi Host Configuration Data: vicfg-cfgbackup

Module 9: Access and Authentication Control

ESXi Firewall

Lockdown mode disable all direct root access to ESXi machines

AD integration authentication

vShield Edge, App, Zones and Endpoint

Roles and Permissions

Permissions defined explicitly for the user on an object take precedence over a user’s group permission on that same object

Module 10: Resources Management and Monitoring

3 layers of memory in vSphere: Application, Guest OS, Host

.vswp is created when RAM overcommitment

Memory Reclamation Techniques:
– Transparent page sharing
– Ballooning mechanism forces VM to use their own paging areas (vmmemctl)
– Memory compression
– Page VM memory to out to disk

Virtual SMP (Symmetric Multi Processing): Logical processors provide the core with the ability to schedule one thread of execution. VMKernel maps the vCPU to an available logical processor.

Hyperthreading enables a core to execute two threads, or sets of instructions, at the same time

CPU load balancing: VMKernel intelligently manages processor time to guarantee the load is spread smoothly across processor cores in the system

Shares (a value that specified the relative priority or importance of a VM’s access to a given resource), Limits, and Reservations

A resource pool is a logical abstraction for managing resources, can be used on standalone hosts or clusters enabled for DRS (Distributed Resources Scheduler)

Resources Pool Attributes: Shares, Reservation, Limits and Expandable reservation

Monitor resources usage: CPU/ Memory/ Disk/ Bandwidth

CPU ready time can be affected by Overall CPU user and Number of resource consumers.

Memory: Ballooning activity/ Host’s swap-in and swap-out rates

Disk: Throughput and latency between VM and storage
– Kernel command latency (for best performance, it should be 0~1 ms)
– Physical device command latency (should be less then 15 ms)

Using Alarms (trigger and action)


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